GO Transit Improvements

More GO parking, another new train

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More than 250 new parking spots will be constructed at the Streetsville GO station by 2018, bringing parking capacity to about 1,700 spots. The new parking space will be located between the existing tracks and the west parking lot, on the same side as the Streetsville station is located.

During the past three years, 100 new parking spaces have been added at Streetsville, on the east side of the tracks, and are now in service. These east-of-the-tracks parking spaces expanded an existing lot using local land bought by GO Transit for the purpose of parking expansion. As well, Streetsville now features free, designated carpool spaces.

Most importantly for weekday commuters, one new eastbound and one new westbound train will begin service after Labour Day. The new eastbound train will be an early morning run, leaving Milton at 5:59 a.m. Estimated local arrival times for the new train would be about 6:10 at Lisgar, 6:15 at Meadowvale and 6:20 at Streetsville. The new westbound train will leave Union Station at 5:55 p.m. each weekday.

Instead of trains pulling out of Streetsville at full capacity, the new train’s 1,600 seats will enable more riders who get on at Erindale, Cooksville and Dixie to get a seat on the morning GO train.

It is similar in the evening, where the extra train will enable more commuters to have a seat on the way home if they arrive on the platform at Union Station within five or six minutes of the westbound Milton train’s departure. Those westbound trains between 4:50 p.m. and 6:20 p.m. are often standing room only when they get in motion at Union Station. It can be a half-hour stand until seats become available as the train begins to significantly empty at Cooksville.

For commuters using the Square One Bus Terminal, construction will begin this fall on an additional new 130 parking spaces, bringing the total parking space at Square One to more than 330. The Square One terminal now includes a new station building to better protect passengers from weather, three GO service windows, and accessible public washrooms.

Ontario’s transit contributions to Mississauga

Since 2003, the Province has provided $307 million to the City of Mississauga to improve and expand public transit, including:

  • $167 million through the Gas Tax Program;
  • $65 million for the implementation of the Mississauga Transitway, as well as an additional $48 million to the project through GO Transit;
  • $26.5 million toward the development of transit along the Hurontario and Dundas corridors;
  • $48 million through various vehicle funding programs to buy new transit vehicles, and other one-time funding.

In 2003, GO service on the Milton Line consisted of five eastbound trains in the morning and five westbound trains in the evening, each pulling ten passenger cars. The Milton GO Line is now served by nine eastbound trains in the morning, and nine westbound afternoon trains, each pulling 12 passenger cars. This means more than double the capacity to move commuters since 2003. As well, all the stations on the Milton Line have been upgraded. The Lisgar Station was newly built in 2006-07, completed under budget and ahead of schedule, and entered service on September 4, 2007. Parking at Meadowvale and Streetsville have both greatly expanded during the intervening years, and MiWay (i.e. Mississauga Transit) connector buses now allow many more commuters to leave their cars at home and get to the GO system entirely on transit.

The Presto Card

The advanced technology in Metrolinx’s Presto Card has made fumbling for exact change, lining up to buy multi-ride tickets, inserting $20 bills into TTC token dispensers, and ordering monthly passes things of the past. Gone are the days when the western Mississauga commuter needed to pay three different companies for transit in three different ways: exact change for the connector bus, a pass or ten-ride ticket for the GO train, and a token for the TTC subway. Today the Presto Card, used by the overwhelming majority of regular commuters, does it all.

Thinking of a gift for a senior in your life? Consider getting him, her or them a Presto Card, and linking the Autoload function to your own credit or debit card. For the lucky senior (or student) in your life, that gift of an autoload on your own credit or debit card allows them to take the bus, GO Transit trains and buses, and much of the TTC with a single tap, and no more worry about exact change, passes or tickets.

More GO Transit reading


Seniors ID

Up-to-date identification

Summer is a good time for a reminder on three themes I have worked on, especially with seniors, for a few years: valid government-issued ID; travel insurance; and the annual flu shot.

1. Valid government-issued identification

Have you, and everyone in your family and circle of friends reviewed their official, government-issued ID to ensure that you and your family members, especially seniors, have:

  1. A valid, up-to-date Ontario Driver’s License, or an Ontario Photo ID Card if you don’t drive;
  2. A valid, and updated Ontario Health Card as the Province rapidly moves to phasing out the old red-and-white OHIP card.

When visiting seniors’ residences, a stunning number of our western Mississauga seniors discover, as we discuss this issue, that they have no valid and current form of identification, such as you need to vote, get a library card, board an aircraft, open a bank account and so on. For many Ontario residents, especially seniors and their families, valid identification is a top-priority project. Some people will also need a birth certificate issued by the Province of Ontario, or the province, state, region or country in which they were born. See this page in my MPP web site for more detail.

2. Travel insurance: don’t leave home without it!

The vital importance of third-party travel insurance whenever you leave Canada, or whenever family or friends come to visit you is a message that is getting through. In two of the last three years, our office has had no instances of distraught families either telling us a story of how they came to incur huge health care bills abroad, especially in the United States; or of how an overseas relative came to Ontario to visit, became ill and was treated, and then the hospital presented the family with a bill for tens of thousands of dollars for the treatment of a foreign national not covered by OHIP. See this page for details.

  • Whenever you travel abroad, even for a day and especially to the United States, be sure that either your home or work insurance covers you for health care issues, or that you purchase third-party travel insurance. Don’t risk your life savings for a one-time health insurance policy that costs about a cup of coffee per day you are away;
  • Never, ever, welcome an out-of-country visitor or family member without insisting that he, she, or they purchase third-party travel health insurance in their country of origin that covers them from the day the board the aircraft in their country of origin until the day they land back home again in their country of origin. The Ontario Health Insurance Plan covers eligible residents of Ontario only, and not the immediate or extended family who are not residents of Ontario, or who are not covered by OHIP;
  • New immigrants to Ontario must get themselves third-party health insurance until they become eligible for OHIP coverage. Don’t risk it.

3. Get the annual flu shot every autumn

Remember a number of years back to 2010, how everyone rushed to get not just one, but two injections to protect themselves against the seasonal flu virus, and the deadly H1N1 flu virus? The flu shot proved it worked. Deaths and hospitalizations from flu-related causes dropped immediately. See the numbers yourself.

  • Too many people think that the scare is over. It isn’t. H1N1 and its equally-lethal derivatives (H3N2 etc.) are still around. Flu-related causes not only still kill people, but as Canadians in general have drifted away from taking the annual flu shot, seasonal flu and other strains are back killing more than 300 people per year, and hospitalizing more than 5,000 people per year. The annual flu shot works;
  • The annual flu shot is free, and it works! Your doctor can administer it. So can many pharmacists, where no appointment is necessary. You can still get a cold if you get the flu shot (a cold is a germ, the flu is a virus), though most people report that colds are less severe, and end quicker once you get into the habit of getting a flu shot. More information here.

Get the flu shot! Flu season runs from about November through April. The annual flu shot works. You need to be healthy (i.e. you don’t have a cold) when you get the flu shot, and the vaccination takes effect within about two weeks. It works. It’s made from eggs, and made right here in Canada.

Pay no attention to the idiotic comments of glib Internet trolls peddling superstition, paranoia, junk science and flat-out lies. Ontario pays for your flu shot because it works, and it was the difference between life and death for a few hundred people both during the H1N1 scare, and since then. See the statistics for yourself. And get the annual flu shot, this year and every autumn.

Office Renovation

Constituency Office painting

Paint can

Eight years after we moved in, it was time for a new coat of paint in the office. The work was completed during July.

Our landlord painted the suite during July. The office post-painting reorganization is just about complete. We are back to business as usual.

Our Constituency Office building repairs following a June incident of a burst sprinkler pipe embedded in the concrete of a first floor suite are also nearing completion. We are on the second floor. Our own office was undamaged by that incident. The first floor re-construction replaced drywall ruined by the water leak. The pipe burst late Sunday night, June 24. Subsequent flooding on the first floor and in the basement shorted out the electricity for the entire building.

One of the two elevators is back in service. If you need assistance coming to see us, call our usual number: (905) 569-1643.

Contractors are still working on the main floor lobby. The inconvenience is for all purposes, over. We are back in business. Thanks for understanding.

Health Card Update

Updating your old red-and-white OHIP Card

Most residents of western Mississauga have received written notices to upgrade the old red-and-white Ontario Health Card. This is important. There are many more active health cards in circulation than there are living Ontarians. The Province needs to look after Ontario residents, but only eligible Ontario residents. Be sure to make time and get it done quickly. The red-and-white card is fading quickly into obsolescence. There is no reason not to update it to the new version as quickly as you can.

Many of us already have the new photo ID Ontario Health Card, which contains many built-in verification features to ensure that you are who the card says you are when you present it to receive treatment. However, there are still many millions of the old red-and-white magnetic stripe cards in circulation. To put the matter in perspective, you would likely change your bank if it had not kept your credit card up to date with today’s technology. Ontario is phasing out the old red-and-white magnetic stripe card for just that reason.

The change is mandatory. When the process is complete, the old red-and-white magnetic stripe card will neither work, nor be accepted. Don’t put this task off.

You’ll need two pieces of government-issued identification. For most of us, our Ontario driver’s license, and a valid passport will do nicely. To make the switch early, read this ServiceOntario web page first, and book an appointment at a convenient ServiceOntario location.

ServiceOntario has informed holders of the old red-and-white card with a letter (paper letter) that it is time for them to make the change. Along with your driver’s license, your Ontario Health Card is a key piece of Ontario-issued identification. It is important for you, your family and your friends to ensure that your identification documents are up-to-date.

Update your ID at ServiceOntario

I am unpleasantly surprised when visiting seniors at our seniors residences to find that a person who has long ago stopped driving is still carrying an out-of-date, expired Ontario Driver’s license with an address on that card at which the individual has not lived in years. The old driver’s license is thus worse than useless. It will unpleasantly surprise you when you cannot use it as a valid piece of identification, but it serves as a false sense of security in your wallet.

The better alternative is the Ontario Photo Card. It is acceptable and official identification in Ontario for voting, travel and other purposes, and you can get it at any ServiceOntario location.

What to do now

  • Update your information with ServiceOntario. You can do this in person in Streetsville at 6295 Mississauga Road North, between Erin Mills Parkway and Britannia Road;
  • You can update your driver’s license or plate sticker information on-line at ServiceOntario;
  • An important point to remember is that if you change your address with your physician, or change it on your driver’s license, that change does not carry over to your Health Card.

To get the many old, invalid or fraudulent red-and-white Ontario Health Cards out of circulation, a human being at ServiceOntario needs to physically see you, and ensure you are who you say you are and you are an eligible resident of Ontario to make that switch.

To stay up-to-date with ServiceOntario

A final personal anecdote: many people who know me are aware that your MPP is a tech-savvy elected official. I tried the on-line plate sticker renewal process last year. I received the letter on a Thursday, completed the form on-line on that Sunday, and the new sticker was in my mailbox the following Wednesday. Not bad, eh?

Solar Panels

Rooftop solar: be cautious and skeptical

Rooftop solar panels

Think before you sign! Rooftop solar panels are a long-term commitment that you need to research and think through before someone begins to bolt equipment to your roof. Read this article first.

The summer of 2016 has the door-knocking solar energy vendors out in force. They are certain to show up in greater numbers at neighbourhood doors in Mississauga. I wrote about the things to consider when looking at solar panels on your home roof in the summer of 2015 as well. Click here. Some things to remember:

  • None of these vendors represent the provincial government, or your electricity distributor, regardless of what someone at your door says. Nobody from your electricity distributor (Enersource) or from the Province ever goes door-to-door with this type, or any other offer.;
  • The Province of Ontario has no “free solar” programs. No such vendor is representing the Province of Ontario, the Ministry of Energy or any other branch of the government or your electric utility. The only thing you will be “pre-approved” for is to be eligible to allow a vendor to install something on your roof, and to be liable for whatever the vendor’s contract says you are liable for. My suggestion: not just yet. Not this year;
  • Read what’s here, and use Facebook and Twitter (see below) to forward this post to your friends and personal network. Don’t sign anything before you have:
    • Read the entire contract;
    • Done your own research and homework;
    • Talked with your legal and insurance advisors.
  • The Province of Ontario does not install solar systems, free or otherwise. That is why you won’t find a description of a product or service that Ontario does not offer on the Province’s web site. That type of claim alone ought to raise some alarm bells in whatever sales literature or vendor claims you may have received.

In general, there is no free lunch, and if something sounds too good to be true, it likely is not true.

The installation of solar panels to provide some electricity to both the homeowner and the electricity grid is called microFIT, where the ‘FIT” stands for ‘feed-in tariff,’ which means the electricity grid may, depending on the contract, buy some electricity from you for resale to other electricity consumers. Be sure to read the What you should know section of the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) website before signing an agreement, or spending any money.

What door-to-door vendors are likely to talk about is rooftop solar photovoltaic (“solar PV”) collectors that turn electrons from sunlight into electricity. The price of solar PV equipment has been falling quickly in recent years, and a lot of the equipment now comes from various places in Asia, where it is produced in volume.

Most of the literature, the sales line, and the vendor web sites make assertions that electricity costs in Ontario are going to soar in the years ahead. Ontario has actually already paid most of the bills that most other jurisdictions have not yet faced up to by cleaning up the Province’s generation sources, and refurbishing and adding to the distribution system. The electricity cost issue does not wash.

Types of complaints

I see solar panels in our neighbourhoods, and I have toured homes that have had them installed. Some people have had a satisfactory installation. Others have complained to the IESO, the Ministry of Energy, the Premier and the Peel Police about solar contracts and installations. It is important to enter the contractual relationship with all the information and advice you will need to make the technology work for you. Some of the complaints have included:

  • Companies that have disappeared after taking advance money for installations;
  • Misleading estimates of solar energy revenue generation;
  • Contract holders not being able to access their account information because the installer has (and will not share) the password;
  • As noted above, a misleading statement that a homeowner is “pre-approved” for a contract, or that an installer has an affiliation with the IESO, the Province of Ontario, the Ministry of Energy, or Enersource. The Government of Ontario does not license, certify or regulate solar photovoltaic installers.

Participants in the microFIT program are not covered by the Consumer Protection Act, 2002. The Ministry of Consumer and Government Services has indicated that transactions related to microFIT programs are considered commercial transactions.

Solar PV, paired with another technology that has not yet arrived, economical electricity storage might be a game-changer in the near future, but not just yet. I too have been approached by various vendors, most of them sporting laminated dubious identity cards designed, it appeared, to look like something close to an electrical utility or a distribution card. No such solar PV vendor is from your electricity distributor, or from any branch of the Provincial Government, and none speaks for either of the preceding. There is no longer any such entity as Ontario Hydro, and has not been in nearly 20 years. Some other things to think about:

  • If you permit a vendor to put several thousand dollars worth of solar panels and other gear on your roof and on your property, ostensibly for ‘free,’ then who owns the equipment, and who owns the revenue from any electricity it produces? If you read the contract, it is not likely to be you;
  • Do you know if the roof on your home was designed to support upwards of a ton of extra weight on it? Look in your attic, and see what’s holding your roof together. Are you comfortable adding a lot of extra weight to that? The vast majority of houses here in western Mississauga were not built like my grandparents’ house, with the intent that the space above the top floor would, in fact, be an accessible attic;
  • Who would be responsible if the wind ripped the panels off the roof, or collapsed a portion of the roof? That is a good question to ask of your insurance carrier before allowing a vendor’s contractor to begin bolting things to your roof? The plywood on a lot of our roofs is actually pretty thin. It does what it needs to do, which is to hold roofing tiles in place, but that’s it;
  • Who is responsible for removing the solar panels and re-installing them in the event your roof needs replacing, as every roof does after 15 to 20 years? How long has your roof been in place?
  • What has the vendor told you about the wiring that must run down your wall, and connect to the grid? Any issues you need to know about? Any access on an ongoing basis that the vendor needs? What are your rights and responsibilities?

There are a lot of things to consider before installing solar panels on one’s roof. As of June of this year, applicants must sign a commissioned or notarized declaration form, to help ensure that people understand the program and the microFIT process before signing an agreement, that they have access to their own MymicroFIT online system, and agree to follow the program rules, which are designed to protect the consumer.

From the perspective of a solar vendor, I have a perfect such roof. If the sun is shining at our house, it is shining on our roof. My own stance on solar panels is “Not just yet.” I am not even interested in the contract right now. Before I am ready to look at a serious proposal, there are some additional important pieces of consumer protection and ‘net metering’ legislation that are in process, but not yet in place in Ontario.

June Transit Update

GO Rail Expansion to Kitchener

Morning GO train at Streetsville station.

Milton Line commuters had five trains pulling ten cars each in 2003. Today, nine trains each pull 12 cars, running 10 to 15 minutes apart. An agreement with CP Rail will, if reached, allow all-day, two-way rail service.

In mid-June, GO Transit’s parent, Metrolinx, and the Ontario Ministry of Transportation reached an agreement in principle with CN Rail on expansion of the rail link to continue the planning and design work on the Kitchener rail corridor that connects Waterloo Region to Toronto. This agreement would, if successfully completed, bring two-way full-day GO service between Kitchener and Union Station. That expansion will not pass through the Milton Line, which is owned by CP Rail. Discussions between CP Rail and Metrolinx continue.

Kitchener will, assuming the successful conclusion of negotiations between CN Rail and Metrolinx, gain an all-day, two-way rail artery into and out of Toronto, passing through Mississauga’s sister city of Brampton.

The agreement in principal is to build a new freight corridor, so that CN can shift most of its freight off the section of the Kitchener line it currently owns. That shift would allow Metrolinx to add more GO service along the Kitchener corridor from Union, through Brampton, Bramalea, Guelph, and ending in Kitchener.

For Mississauga to gain access to all-day, two-way GO train service, Metrolinx must reach an agreement with CP Rail to add two new tracks on the Milton GO line. See below for background reading.

More reading:

Electricity Facts

The Q & A you need

As I attend public meetings and field electricity-related questions, I have been keeping track of the questions asked of me, and have posted some of the more common Questions and Answers on this web site. Click here for the complete Q & A list. For example:

  • What’s the real story on Hydro One?
  • How come Ontario’s electricity prices keep going up?
  • Is electricity really less expensive in the USA?
  • Should I install solar panels on the roof at home?
  • Has Ontario paid some bills that the USA has not?

And just in case you need a recap…

If there is something that is not in this web site, ask me.

GO Service

Updated: GO train Milton Line service

Early in 2015 and again in August of 2016, GO Transit added an additional two trains, one morning and one afternoon, Monday to Friday on our Milton Line. The new trains stop at every station: Milton, Lisgar, Meadowvale, Streetsville, Erindale, Cooksville, Dixie, Kipling, and Union.

GO Train in Streetsville

Two new eastbound, and two new westbound trains, one each in 2015 and 2016 have increased GO train capacity to and from Toronto. New parking at Streetsville station will be complete by spring 2018.

The new morning trains cover the early and late departure times. The new evening trains leave Union Station also early (3:40 p.m.) and later in the afternoon. Consult the most recent schedule for GO train times on the Milton line. Some trips on GO Bus Routes may also change. Be sure to check the Schedule Changes page at www.gotransit.com for more information. If you are a daily GO train user, be sure to pick up a current schedule.

The new trains on the Milton Line have helped students, shoppers, and people who have appointments that don’t require a full day in Toronto. Ontario has more than doubled GO train capacity in the past 11 years. However, we desperately need the planned capacity expansion in the form of two new tracks on the Milton Line for GO Transit to offer all-day, two-way train service. CP Rail needs to get serious and speak with Metrolinx. The federal government has a role to play in helping fund this vital transit infrastructure link for us in northwest Mississauga. Ontario has put its money to work with this latest service improvement for residents of Lisgar, Meadowvale and Streetsville.

Update on all-day, two-way GO train service

In recent months, the new Mississauga City Council, and others, have spoken about all-day, two-way train service on the Milton GO Line. Every so often as I ride the GO train myself, we have an impromptu ‘commuter focus group’ on the morning or evening train, and all-day, two-way service is the most frequent discussion topic. Let’s recap the current situation:

  • The Milton GO Line is owned by CP Rail, which has, in recent years, had a major management change. CP Rail and Metrolinx, GO Transit’s Ontario-owned parent, had not had substantive negotiations over Metrolinx gaining the right-of-way to CP’s Milton corridor until 2015. I am advised that Metrolinx is able to start a dialogue;
  • No agreement between CP Rail and Metrolinx exists on the cost-sharing and usage of the proposed new, two-track extension to the existing two tracks on the Milton Line, which CP Rail currently uses at its full capacity for freight movement. Whether freight runs on the Milton Line is a decision of the line’s owner, CP Rail, and not the City of Mississauga, the Province of Ontario, or the Government of Canada. That said, the level of government that regulates transportation is the feds, and not the Province. Makes sense: freight moves across provincial borders;
  • The challenge to GO Transit is that it can only use one of CP Rail’s tracks for part of the day, which means that a train that starts in Milton in the morning has no way to get back west within either of GO Transit’s morning or afternoon windows of time during which it can use CP Rail’s tracks. During the balance of the time, the Milton Line tracks – both of them – carry freight. Express service is a similar challenge: where do you put the train once it leaves Union Station?
  • More significantly, westbound morning traffic cannot use GO Milton Line rail service to get to, for example, the growing Meadowvale financial, life sciences and aerospace industrial hubs. Similarly, those commuters who travel westbound to Mississauga in the morning to go to work cannot use train service to get back to Toronto in the evening on an eastbound GO train trip for the same lack-of-access reason. Only the additional two proposed tracks can allow GO trains to run both eastbound and westbound throughout the day;
  • Metrolinx has done some engineering, feasibility and environmental studies, which show no insurmountable obstacle to Phase One, which would, if undertaken, expand the Milton corridor from two to four tracks from east of the Humber River as far as Meadowvale. This would also require upgrades or replacements of overpasses, trestles and bridges all along the line.

Q and A on the Milton GO Line

  • Q: Can’t any level of government just get the freight trains off the line so that more GO trains can run during the day:
    A: No unilateral action by the municipal, provincial or federal governments can change how CP Rail schedules its own freight trains on its own rail line. GO trains run during an eastbound time period in the morning, and westbound during a time period in the afternoon. And in the hypothetical event that CP took the freight trains off the line, their cargo would be on the highway, in trucks, sitting ahead of you as you drive through the GTA. Be careful what you wish for, as the Chinese say;
  • Q: Who has to work with CP Rail and what are the options for both sides?
    A: Work by the Government of Canada with CP Rail, whose business is nationwide, may find a basis for cooperation. Alternatively, CP Rail may choose to talk about an agreement with Metrolinx, the Ontario crown agency that manages inter-regional rail and bus services. If CP plans to continue to use the Milton rail corridor, a third and fourth track are essential for GO Transit to operate all-day, two-way rail service. CP uses the existing two tracks at their full carrying capacity for freight, without the slack to enable trains to get back to Milton during the day once they have reached Union Station on the eastbound morning run;
  • Q: What about electrification of the Milton GO Line?
    A: The principal need on the Milton Line is for passenger carrying capacity, not the fuel that powers the train. Looking forward, should Metrolinx reach an agreement with Canadian Pacific to enable two dedicated tracks for GO Transit, that is the time to consider how the trains might be powered. The current generation of diesels are clean, quiet and efficient. The case for electric trains would be based on having shorter trains able to run every few minutes;
  • Q: Should an agreement with CP Rail be reached, how long would it take for all-day service to begin on the Milton Line?
    A: Every trestle and bridge between Milton and east of the Humber River would need to be upgraded to handle four tracks. Metrolinx’s engineering and environmental surveys show no insurmountable obstacles. Current estimates show a three-year buildout on a projected Phase One between east of the Humber River and Meadowvale, once the contract has been tendered and awarded, and work has begun.

Now you are up-to-date on GO train service on the Milton Line. My household newsletters keep coming back to this topic with brief updates, and check this web site for the latest that we know for sure. What you won’t find here is speculation or rumour. For questions and comments to Bob personally, please click here.

Progress in the past 13 years

In the fall of 2003, there were five trains each way Monday to Friday, with each train pulling ten cars. Today, there are nine trains each way, with each train pulling 12 cars. This represents a service expansion of 116 percent since the fall of 2003. As well, in that time span, GO has:

  • Built the new Lisgar GO station in 2007, completing it ahead of schedule, and under budget;
  • Expanded the platform at all other Milton Line stations to accommodate the 12-car GO trains. Lisgar had been constructed from the outset with the capability for 12-car trains;
  • Completely revamped the Streetsville GO station, with a new park-and-ride, a new access tunnel, more parking and resurfacing of the platform;
  • Introduced the Presto Card, which has a near 100 percent uptake among our Lisgar, Meadowvale and Streetsville GO commuters;
  • Acquired additional land on the north side of the Streetsville GO station to substantially expand the Streetsville GO parking capability;
  • Built the Streetsville GO bus maintenance facility, providing some 200 full-time jobs, and enabling better bus access to local GO commuters.